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We are an international law firm that serves a broad range of clients around the world in private equity, M&A and other corporate transactions, litigation, white collar and government disputes, restructurings and intellectual property matters. We offer the highest quality legal advice coupled with extraordinary, tailored service to deliver exceptional results to our clients and help their businesses succeed.

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We provide strategic legal advice and bespoke solutions to all issues our clients in the following practice areas:


Our legal team focuses on providing expert advise and support on issues arising from taxation disputes, commercial and trade disputes, land disputes, trademarks, patents and copyrights


We represent our clients in arbitration related issues including prosecutions and claims

Mediation & Negotiation

We take responsibility in harmonizing legal disputes with at most attention to detail.

Public Procurement

Tumukunde and Co. Advocates offer vast experience in settling disputes arising from procurement in various sectors including infrastructure, health.


Our legal advisory and support extends up to businesses which are already operational and intending to establish their presence in Uganda. We extend our services to resolving tax disputes including customs, excise duty among others

Electoral law

We assist our clients interpret electoral laws, settling disputes arising from elections including petitions and any other related electoral issues.

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The Effect of Arbitration Clauses in Agreements on Litigation

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The High Court of Uganda at Kampala Commercial Division in Miscellaneous Application 1830 of 2022, Attorney General V Networth Consult Limited has made a crystal clear position on the meaning and interpretation of Arbitration Clauses in agreements and their legal effect on litigation.

The decision comes to overturn the position in recent decisions such as Fulugencious Munghereza V Price Water House Coopers (1997-2000) that declared a dispute before a Court arising out of an agreement with an arbitration clause to be referred to an arbitrator rather than litigation.

Among other issues discussed by the court was the Competence of affidavits deponed by advocates, the meaning of Frivolous, Vexatious, Abuse of Court or Judicial Process Claims, and finally what amounts to a departure from pleadings.


The respondent filed Civil Suit No. 541 of 2022 {main suit} against the applicant for breach of Consultancy Contract and recovery of sums that were stated to be paid under that contract. The applicant brought this application, contending that the dispute between the parties was amenable to arbitration. Accordingly, the applicant contended that the suit was barred by law.

The respondents in this application raised three preliminary points of law. The first, that the application was fatally defective owing to the fact that the affidavit in support was deponed by a person not entitled to do so, second, that the application was frivolous, vexatious, and bad in law, that the application was brought out of time and therefore fatally defective and finally that it constituted a departure from the pleadings.


In regard to the first preliminary point of law, the court found that an advocate can depone an affidavit where the matters such affidavit speaks to are non-contentious. Where the affidavit merely narrates facts that the advocate knows, such an affidavit is permissible.

In determining whether the application was brought out of time and fatally defective, the court interpreted the applicability of Order 12 Rule 3(1) of the Civil Procedure Rules to interlocutory applications that provides for all interlocutory applications in a suit required to be filed within 21 days from the date of completion of the Alternative Dispute Resolutions or where there have been no Alternative Dispute Resolutions, interlocutory applications are required to be filed within 15 days after the completion of the scheduling conference. Court found that applications asserting preliminary points of law are distinct from other applications. The court further found that the former could be raised at any point before judgment.

On the preliminary point of application departing from the pleadings, the court found that the applicant hadn’t demonstrated such departure. Further, it was the reasoning of the learned judge that once a party alleges a departure from pleadings, they must show the exact area of departure, often contrasting what was asserted before from what is asserted now.

In upholding its decision on the effect of arbitration clauses providing for both litigation and Arbitration in agreements, the Court found that the discretion to elect to initiate arbitration proceedings is available only to a party initiating Arbitration proceedings.

Turning to the merits of the application, the court found that the clause in dispute in the contract between the parties provided that “Any dispute between the parties arising under or related to this contract that cannot be settled amicably may be referred to by either party to the adjudication/arbitration in accordance with the provisions specified in the SCC.”It was the applicant’s contention that the clause subjected any disputes arising there from to arbitration. The court in its wisdom in interpreting the said clause found that the use of the word adjudication was intended to refer to litigation and that it would have been the intention of the parties to have adjudication(as an alternative dispute resolution) as well as arbitration before an expert arbitrator as this would have achieved the same thing.

The court further found that the parties intended that in the event of a dispute, and where amicable dispute resolution failed, recourse could be had to either arbitration or litigation. It was also found that from the contract, the initiating party was at liberty to decide how to initiate the dispute. Once they had made their election, the other party was obligated to defend or counterclaim in the forum in which the proceedings had been began.

The court re-echoed its role in enforcing clear agreements of parties.

It is therefore not fatal for a party to an arbitration agreement to opt for litigation rather than arbitration as it is at the option of a party that intends to elect the mode of commencement of the dispute resolution as the role of the Court is to enforce a clear agreement of the parties since an arbitration clause is interpreted the same way as an ordinary contract.


An arbitration clause that provides for both adjudication and arbitration is legally enforceable. Accordingly, where a contract has a clause providing for both adjudication and arbitration, the initiating party has the election to determine which mode to commence in, and the other party has to defend in that forum. 

A draftsman has to be keen in the way they draft their clauses should it be the wish of the parties to have multiple dispute resolution mechanisms from which they intend to elect the most suitable option to their circumstances.



Email: lukwagogeorge06@gmail.com


UCU alumnus inspired by pain to start a law firm

Growing up, an anguished Tony Tumukunde watched many mothers in the community become and be victims of gender-based violence, a narrative that has persisted in African society for a long time.

The zeal to help the poor and disadvantaged get justice pushed Tony to paint his name on the walls of the national legal community and those of the Uganda Christian University (UCU) Guild Tribunal’s history.

Having been mentored by the current Attorney General, Kiryowa Kiwanuka, and his legal firm, K&K Associated Advocates, Tony was determined to climb the legal ladder as his mentor and role model had done.

“I admired the way he conducted himself with us young legal associates, at his office or even in court,” he said. “He created in us an impression that we also live to mentor our peers and mentees who look up to us.”

Five years ago, Tony won an election matter in the court of appeal with just one year of practice from George Patrick Kasajja of Bulamogi West Constituency in Kaliro District in the Eastern part of the country, under Mushagara & Co. Advocates.

“I beat 3 senior lawyers with many years of experience and managed to turn down a bill of 300 million Ugandan shillings (USD 84,783.06) to zero.” He said. “From that day, I have never looked back in my career.”

According to Tony, every lawyer’s dream is to become independent and own a firm so that a legacy can be built and also help teach others. He recently opened up his own firm called Tumukunde & Co. Advocates, located in the Capital City of Kampala.

“We currently have 10 professionals in legal practice full of integrity, efficiency, and effectiveness. It’s the home of UCU practitioners,” he said.

“Over time till now, I have still offered pro bono services to domestic violence victims, and I believe with my firm it’s going to be a bit easier to help them get justice,” he added.

According to Tony, there is a high risk of negative perception in the legal profession because lawyers sometimes represent high-profile criminals or clients who people are against. This makes the public perceive that you are dealing in crime.

The 30-year-old credits all his success to UCU for shaping him into the person he is right now. “The discipline in UCU from dress code, religious background, and commitment of lecturers molded me into the person I became,” he said.

Tony, now an advocate to all courts of law in Uganda and the current UCU Alumni Association’s Speaker, was a student leader. He was the member of parliament for the constituency of law and the Guild Speaker 2013-2014. He was the president of Launch Pad 2012-2014. He was the legal officer of the Class Representative Association and even spearheaded the team that made their constitution.

Tony was born to Mr. Bashaija Amos and Mrs. Namugaya Juliet of Mitooma District in the western part of the country with three siblings, with him being the second born.

Tony is married and a father to four children. If not for legal practice, Tony would be a comedian. “I am a good actor. I was even part of the Uganda Comedian’s Association, but I got busy and gave up on that talent,” he said.

Tony worked with the Center for Constitutional Governance, Mungooma Company Advocates, in 2018 joined K&K Associated Advocates as a legal clerk, in 2019-2020 joined Uganda Registration Service as a company Registrar, in 2021 went back to K&K Associated Advocates as a legal associate, and in 2022, in January, he created his own firm.

Tony attended Victoria Nile Primary School for his elementary school, Bukoyo Secondary School, Kiira College, Butiki for his high school, Uganda Christian University for his Bachelor’s of Law and London University of East London for his Master’s in Business Administration.

Sh1b Tropical bank scam suspects implicate top managers

Read more https://www.newvision.co.ug/articledetails/138691

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